About Uveitis/Ocular Inflammation
Uveitis is inflammation within the eye caused by a large group of both infectious and non-infectious diseases . Uveitis causes inflammation within the eye and affects about 17 to 52 people in 100 000 every year and causes 9-15% of blindness in the Western world. Many patients also have an underlying diagnosis such as sarcoidosis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis which causes not only uveitis but also inflammation elsewhere in the body. Other inflammatory disorders of the eye include scleritis and inflammation of the ocular surface.
Ocular Inflammation can be assessed by directly visualising ocular inflammation during clinical examination and imaging techniques such as ocular coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography.
Treatments for uveitis include medications given via drops such as steroids, treatments local to the eye and a wide variety of immunomodulatory treatments including biologic therapies. Newer approaches include investigation of the intestinal microbiome in uveitis.